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Know Your City - Bangalore

Bangalore is the capital city of the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration. Bangalore is well-known as the hub of India's information technology sector. The city is among the top 10 preferred entrepreneurial locations in the world. As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Bangalore confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. Bangalore is home to many well-recognized educational and research institutions in India. Numerous public sector heavy industries, technology companies, aerospace, telecommunications, and defence organisations are located in the city. Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of India because of its position as the nation's leading IT exporter. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is a major economic and cultural hub and the second-fastest growing major metropolis in India.

How the name came into existence…

The name "Bangalore" represents an anglicized version of the Kannada language name, "Bengaḷūru"[ˈbeŋɡəɭuːru] . The earliest reference to the name "Bengaluru" was found in a ninth century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "vīra gallu" (ವೀರಗಲ್ಲು) (literally, "hero stone", a rock edict extolling the virtues of a warrior). In this inscription found in Begur, "Bengaluru" is referred as a place in which a battle was fought in 890 CE. It states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Halegannada (Old Kannada). An apocryphal, though popular, anecdote recounts that the 11th century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman who served him boiled beans. The grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru" (literally, "town of boiled beans"), which eventually evolved into "Bengalūru".

Interesting facts you should know about the city:-

  1. Bangalore has the impeccable record of highest growth within a span of 20 years.
  2. Bangalore has the highest number of software companies in India - 212, followed by Hyderabad - 108, Pune - 97. Hence called the Silicon Valley of India.
  3. Bangalore has the biggest statue of Shiva & Hanuman in the world.
  4. Bangalore police has the reputation of being second best in India after Delhi.
  5. Bangalore is considered the fashion capital of east comparable to Paris.
  6. Bangalore is rated the cleanest city in India.
  7. Bangalore was the first city in India to receive electricity.
  8. Bangalore has produced the highest number of professionals in USA - almost 60% of the Indian population abroad are from Bangalore (except Gulf).
  9. Bangalore has produced the maximum international sportsmen in India for all sports ahead of even Mumbai & Delhi.
  10. Bangalore has the most number of gardens in a city. Hence called Garden City. Nearly 40% of Bangalore's landscape is gardens/parks & 15% lakes/ponds .
  11. Bangalore has only 42% of local population (i.e. Kannadigas). Hence a true cosmopolitan with around 20% Tamilians, 13% Telugites, 10% Keralites, 8% European-origin, 7% from other parts of India.
  12. Bangalore has highest number of pubs in India. Bangalore has the highest number of breweries in the world.
  13. Bangalore is the only city in the world to have commercial and defense Airport operating from the same strip.
  14. Bangalore has the highest number of 2-wheelers in the world.
  15. Bangalore has the highest number of Anglo-Indians in India.
  16. Bangalore’s Lalbagh botanical gardens is credited to have one of the most diverse man made collection of flora.
  17. Bangalore is considered an antipode of Boston, in terms of IT.
  18. India's longest flyover designed to decongest traffic at the junction of NH-7 and the recently completed Outer Ring Road.
  19. Bangalore is the rock capital of India with all major bands of the world like Iron Maiden, Deep Purple, Rasmus...
  20. Bangalore has highest number of public sectors and government Organizations in India.
  21. Bangalore has produced the maximum number of scientists considered for Nobel Prize nominations
  22. Bangalore has the highest number of software professionals in the world taking the first place from Osaka, Japan.
  23. Bangalore was founded in 2nd Century and still has the same infrastructure drainage & sanitary systems - the oldest in the world.
  24. Bangalore University has 57 Engineering Colleges affiliated to it, which is highest in the world.
  25. Bengaluru is situated on the Deccan Plateau.